Tri Hita Karana Philosophy is primary contains the objectives to achieve harmony and togetherness amongst all societal aspects of life. It is intends to achieve the existence of harmony between human and it’s Creator, the Almighty God (Parhyangan), harmony amongst the fellow humans (Pawongan), and harmony between human and its environment (Palemahan). The logo of Tri Hita Karana is simply known as Patra Trisula, a trident elaborated according to Balinese floral ornamental design.
The logo of Tri Hita Karana is simply known as Patra Trisula, a trident elaborated according to Balinese floral ornamental design.
As a symbol, Patra Trisula can be described from two perspectives:
- From an Iconographic Perspective
- The word Tri in Tri Hita Karana is equal to three, hence its basic form that represented by a triangle. Analogy is observable to the symbol of Tri Kona (utpeti/birth, stiti/life, and praline/death), that is similar with Sanggah Cukcuk or Sanggah Penjor basic form –a triangle of equal sides
- From a technical technological aspect, a triangle denotes rigidity, strength, balance and capability to distribute pressure equally to all sides. This matches the essence of Tri Hita Karana concept, i.e. balance and harmony
- The elaboration of an equal-sided triangle into a trident stems from the fact that a trident represents the intersection of three major concepts whose core occupies the mid-point
- The trident is the weapon of Sambu, the God who reins over the northeast in the representation of nine Gods that has a rule the nine directions (Dewata Nawa Sangha). According to Hindu cosmology, the northeast is the direction of the highest rank, Utamaning Utama, where shrines or Besakih the mother temple is to be located in line with the concept of Padma Bhuwana
- From a semiotic perspective
- The symbol has a somewhat egocentric flavor, denoting that man is the axis of everything. The basic assumption is that God and Nature have molded the balance and harmony with natural laws, and man accounts for imbalance or disharmony
- In universal terms, the form of the symbol illustrates the vertical relationship of man with God and the horizontal one of man with his fellow beings and the nature. This simultaneously reflects the goal of Hindu adherents: Moksartam Jagadhita ya ca iti Dharma, signifying pursuit of worldly happiness and welfare (jagadhita) and union with God (moksa)
- The form of the trident represents the intersection of theological, sociological and ecological dimensions of the THK concept is reflected in Patra Trisula and can be creatively actualized and implemented in spatial arrangement as sacred and profane aspects, spatial socio-cultural aspect and territorial aspect